Among the states listed above, Texas, New Mexico and Georgia harvest the most walnuts in the U.S. UU. Georgia is the largest walnut producing state. Among the fifteen walnut producing states, Georgia accounts for one-third of the walnut harvest in the United States, equivalent to nearly 88 million pounds of walnuts.
Walnuts are grown commercially in fifteen states, where Georgia, Texas and New Mexico are the largest producers. The United States alone produces 80% of the world's nuts, with about 500 different varieties. The best soil for growing walnuts is found in the floodplains at the bottom of rivers. There are over 1,000 different types of nuts, and they come in a variety of sizes.
The delicious buttery flavor of walnuts allows us to enjoy a sweet and savory flavor in pastries, candies, salads and, of course, walnut cake. Whether you eat your nuts on their own, on a plate, or as a decorative and tasty side dish, walnuts are a healthy snack that many people enjoy. Packed with nutrients and flavor, walnuts are delicious to eat and great for the body. So where do walnuts come from, how are they grown, and most importantly, where can you find those delicious treats? Native Americans were the first to use walnuts.
Pecans come from North America and are the only native tree nut found there. Their origins date back to the 16th century, when they were valued because they were easier to open than other nuts and, at the same time, tasted delicious. They were a reliable, easily accessible and nutrient-packed food source. .
The colonists soon began cultivating walnut orchards. In 1772, a walnut orchard was planted in North America for the first time on Long Island, New York. Its popularity grew and the nut was found growing on land owned by people such as Thomas Jefferson and George Washington. The United States produces most of the world's nuts, but Mexico and South Africa also lead global production.
Small quantities of walnuts are also grown in Australia, China, Argentina and some other countries. If you're wondering how walnuts are grown, you're not the only one. Walnut trees take a while to produce nuts. They can grow quite large and extend up to 70 feet wide.
Walnuts can be grown in vegetable gardens, but they also grow naturally in groves. Although a pecan tree can take 5 to 8 years to produce, once it starts, it keeps producing, sometimes for more than 100 years. Planting a nut orchard is no easy task. The process begins with a sandy-textured, loam soil and a clay subsoil.
The soil must be able to hold a large amount of water and, at the same time, be deep and well drained. Usually, the terrain should be level, but gentle slopes can work just as well. After finding the right soil, the land should be free of trees and weeds, and planters should plan carefully to ensure that the orchard grows with a thoughtful design, such as triangle, rectangle or square, which is the most common. Square orchards provide straight rows that help with the functioning of the orchard.
When it comes to planting, bare root planting is the most common method, although some choose to plant container-grown transplants. Once the plants arrive, they can be stored for a few days before planting them, provided that they are watered regularly. It's not always safe to plant when it comes to nut orchards. Weevils and other small insects threaten nuts and can cause nuts to fall prematurely.
In commercial gardens, a fungal disease called walnut scab is especially common. Growers can use a fungicide spray to combat this or plant nut varieties that are resistant to nut scab. Walnuts are usually harvested in September or October in the Eastern U.S. Western states may harvest later, sometimes even as late as March, in places like Arizona.
It's common for a nut tree to produce a lot of nuts one season and less during the next. Once the nuts start to fall from their trees, planters can determine if they are ready to be harvested. When it comes to nuts, the shell says it all. Ripe nuts will have intact shells and are pale brown in color.
A black shell is usually a sign that the nut is rotten, and a green shell that is difficult to break often means that the nut is not ripe. If the nuts are ready, shaking the tree with a machine can help more nuts fall. Farmers then use machines to pick up all the nuts from the ground and workers clean them until only the ripe nuts are left. Before storing walnuts, workers must dry them and remove the shells.
In dry and cool areas, walnuts can last several months in airtight containers. When stored in a freezer, nuts can last two years or more. Many people have used and enjoyed walnuts throughout their history, and their popularity continues to grow. It can only produce up to 300 million pounds of nuts.
From those harvested in the United States, Georgia harvests more than 100 million pounds of walnuts. Walnuts have an exciting history and require a lot of attention and care to thrive. Lane Southern Orchards began in 1908 and has continued to grow walnuts and other local products for more than 100 years. We know a couple of things about those nuts that you like so much.
We have 6,000 acres of orchards dedicated to this delicious treat and we use them to make candies, oils and samples. Currently, the nut industry is working to establish a federal marketing order (FMO) to successfully compete with the production of other nuts, such as almonds, walnuts and pistachios (all of which have their own successful GMOs). Farmers have many different options when it comes to selling their nuts. Farmers can sell their nuts in shell or without shell.
They can also sell directly to consumers through farmers markets and online websites for retail prices, or to accumulators, wholesalers and shellers at wholesale prices. Farmers who peel their nuts before selling them should consider the costs of husking equipment and additional labor (NMSU, Cooperative Extension, 201). Buyers are primarily concerned about the price they can receive for pecan nut meat. For this reason, it is extremely important that farmers know the percentage of their nuts without shells in order to receive the most value for their harvest.
The shelled percentage is the amount of nut meat produced in relation to the weight of the whole nut (NMSU) - Cooperative Extension, 201 (NMSU) — Cooperative Extension, 201. Peelers not only sell pecan nut meat, but also pecan peels for use in products such as particle board and garden mulches. Farmers who shell their own nuts could add value to their crops if they sell them in the same way (NMSU — Cooperative Extension, 201. Pecan nut meat can be used in a variety of ways). Fresh walnuts have a slight buttery flavor and are an extremely healthy snack on their own or can be added to meals. Fresh walnuts are said to have the highest antioxidant content of all tree nuts (NPSA, 202).
Nuts without shells are often further processed. Farmers who shell their own nuts could add value if they sell them to local bakeries and restaurants (NMSU — Cooperative Extension, 201). One of the most important aspects to consider when setting up a nut orchard is its size. The mechanical equipment needed for a 10-acre orchard is the same for a 100- to 200-acre orchard.
Smaller orchards tend to have reduced profitability due to equipment costs (Texas A& million — AgriLife Extension, 201). It's also better to understand some of the limiting factors that contribute to nut production. Farmers sold 54 million pounds of shelled nuts and 210 million pounds of shelled walnuts (NASS, 202) (NMSU) — Cooperative Extension, 201. They began to market walnuts with other regions of the world and, gradually, farms and walnut orchards began to grow in certain states of the United States. .